Children's Hospital of Fudan University, 183 Feng Lin Road, 200032, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of, predisposing factors for, and the rates and relative risks of mortality from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in pediatric patients. DESIGN: A prospective study in 12 consecutive months from 2004 to 2005 in 25 pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). PATIENTS AND SETTING: ARDS was diagnosed according to the 1994 American-European Consensus Conference definitions, applied to all severely ill admissions between 1 month and 14 years of age. The PICUs were in major municipalities and provincial cities, and half were university affiliated. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: From a total of 12,018 admissions, 7,269 were severely ill. One hundred and five (1.44%) patients developed ARDS and 64 (61.0%) died, which accounts for 13.2%, of the total ICU death (n = 485, 6.7%) or a nine times relative risk of dying. The median age at onset of ARDS was 24 months and 40% were less than 12 month old. Median time from PICU admission to the onset of ARDS was 16 h, and in 63% <24 h. Pneumonia (55.2%) and sepsis (22.9%) were the major predisposing factors for ARDS. These were respectively 14 and 5 times as high a death rate as those of the severely ill patients without ARDS. CONCLUSIONS: ARDS has a high mortality in these Chinese PICUs, especially in those with pneumonia and sepsis, and adequate management including lung protective ventilation strategy is required.
PMID: 18825369 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]View More